Peer Evaluation: Koles’ & Texas Tech’s Methods

Nov 27, 2020 • 3min read

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We’ve seen Michaelsen’s and Fink’s methods for peer evaluation in previous posts. We’ve even compared the differences between these two methods. This time we’re going to consider two additional approaches for you to gather inspiration from to conduct your own peer evaluations. Remember, there is no one size fits all approach. You have to experiment and learn what works in your particular context.

Koles’ method for Peer Evaluation

Paul Koles from the Boonshoft School of Medicine at Wright State University developed a quantitatively thorough form of peer evaluation wherein students rate their peers based on 3 key areas:

  1. Cooperative learning skills

  2. Self-directed learning skills

  3. Interpersonal skills

There are several prompts within these areas which you can be used to create peer evaluation question form. Students are required to rate their peers on a scale of 1 through 4 where 1 means “never” and 4 means “always”.

Furthermore, there is a qualitative section where they have to write at least one sentence about their peers on 2 questions

  1. What is the single most valuable contribution this student has made to your team?

  2. What is the single most important thing this person could do to more effectively help your team?

Students usually stay in the same teams throughout the academic year, so a formative peer evaluation is conducted halfway at this time. Then, at the end of the year, a summative peer evaluation is done which is worth 10% of the students’ grade.

The issue with this method is that the quantitative evaluation scores tend to be inflated given that students are not required to rate all their peers with different grades. Nevertheless, the qualitative side of this peer evaluation is still quite useful for students.

Texas Tech’s method for Peer Evaluation

Kitty McMahon at Texas Tech School Of Medicine, together with her colleagues, decided to adapt a Professionalism and Communication Assessment form from the Association of American Medical Colleges and began using it as a resource for peer evaluation.

This form of peer evaluation is similar to Kole’s method because it also has several criteria against which students are evaluated by their peers. These include areas like dependability, humility, preparation, etc. There are 12 criteria in total and you may see them in the example in the references section (Levine, 2012).

 
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                                                                       5 of the 12 criteria
 

Each student is then ranked on a 5-point scale for each criterion where 1 is considered to be too little and 5 too much. 3 is the ideal score.

A unique characteristic of this method compared to other peer evaluation methods is that it is not used to adjust student grades.Once again, the lack of requirement to discriminate between students lends itself to grade inflation.

As you may have noticed, not being able to give the same score to all team members is a common issue among various approaches to peer evaluation. You may see a compilation of this and other common issues that arise in peer evaluation together with suggested solutions in this post about Common Peer Evaluation Challenges and Solutions.

Have you already decided which peer evaluation method to use? See our post on the 4 Best Practices For A Successful Peer Evaluation to put it into practice masterfully!

References

1. Levine, R.E., 2012. Peer evaluation in team-based learning. Team-Based Learning for Health Professions Education: A Guide to Using Small Groups to Improve Learning, pp.103-116.

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Michael E. Woods, Ph.D. Associate Professor Pathology & Director of Research Laboratories Burrell College of Osteopathic Medicine
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Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"Oustanding tool for face-to-face, web-blended and fully online TBL courses! We've been using InteDashboard across several TBL classes at the University of South Alabama and are consistently impressed with the tool as well as the exceptional support from the team. We look forward to increasing utilization of InteDashboard through our campus-wide project."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"The administrative challenges behind TBL are often viewed as a major barrier to effective implementation. InteDashboard is the only technological solution that puts it all together, allowing the faculty to focus on creating the learning environment - not fumbling with papers, grading and pulling data from different sources."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"I'm convinced, and I've done a fair amount of looking over the past few years to identify an online quizzing/survey tool that allows for individual question submission and real-time feedback (especially for the TRAT). InteDashboard really is the premier solution in this category. Bar none. Hands down."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"Ability to get real-time data on RAT test items during teaching and save this information (i.e. scores on assessments) has made the tool an essential element to my everyday online teaching."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"I love having real time access to my students performance data and knowing exactly what concepts have or haven’t been understood while they complete their IRATs and TRATs! InteDashboard has significantly enhanced the ease and effectiveness with which I prepare for, and teach in, my TBL classes at Deakin."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"Overall, I’ve been really pleased with how InteDashboard has elevated the ability to engage students in Team-based learning."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"The InteDashboard platform is unique in what it offers for educators and learners. The ability to interact, work with the quizzes easily, and general functionality of the program are key features not to miss. I have been able to create a more experiential learning environment allowing learners to immediately dive into experiences that simulate real clinical challenges."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"InteDashboard is a fantastic and very useful platform to conduct classes in a team-based learning setting, probably because it has all the features that team-based learning requires. The features on InteDashboard are so nuanced that they help in enhancing the learning of students, which is the core objective that the educators try to achieve from TBL methodology."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"The feature which we find most valuable is the automated grading and item analysis dashboards. They effectively provide staff and students within information that help inform what the clarification session should address. Also, The InteDashboard team provides great support. The team has been responsive to our feedback when we have asked for a possible enhancement to their tool in the past!"
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"The support staff was prompt when we were in the initial phase of integrating it into Canvas. It provided the benefits of graded IRAT and TRAT and was really a seamless way to provide active learning in an online environment."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"Tech support is great, the software is easy to use and learn, online TBL is awesome (and helpful in this time of the pandemic), and the ability for easy peer review is stellar."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"Student evaluations were higher the semester we used InteDashboard than the previous semesters we held TBL in in-person setting."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"The great advantage of InteDashboard is that it is a single platform for RATs, peer evaluation, and 4S activities."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"InteDashboard allowed a seamless transition from paper-pencil response forms to electronic response."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"It's changed the way we do TBL and allowed us to do it effectively online."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"InteDashboard gives me the ability to run online TBLs with ease. The interface is intuitive for faculty and students and matches what we would have done in the classroom."
Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill Star Fill
"I have recommended the product to many people already. It is a very versatile product with features that can be applied across a wide range of pedagogies. I have presented this tool to my school not just as a TBL tool but also a way to collect and analyse MCQ data and as a way to facilitate group learning and peer evaluation"